What is Hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is a minor surgical procedure used for diagnosis and/or treatment of various conditions of the uterus. In this procedure, a thin telescopic instrument called a hysteroscope is inserted into the uterus through the vagina to view the internal structures for diagnosing or treating conditions. The camera in the hysteroscope projects the images onto the large television screen thereby helping the surgeon to view the internal structures.
Hysteroscopy is most commonly used to treat the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding. It is also used to treat remove adhesions, fibroid tumors, polyps or a displaced intrauterine device.
Hysteroscopy can be done any time when you are not menstruating but the doctor is able to see the uterus more clearly either in the first week or just after your period ceases.
Hysteroscopy is a simple procedure and can be done in the doctor’s office or in an outpatient setting. The procedure is done under local or general anaesthesia as per your doctor’s discretion based on the purpose of the procedure.
The cervix, the opening of the uterus in the vagina, is dilated by inserting medication in it or using special dilator instruments. A speculum is inserted into the vagina and the hysteroscope is then inserted through the speculum and slowly advanced into the uterus. A liquid is released from the hysteroscope into the uterus thereby expanding the area allowing for a better view of the inside of the uterus, especially the lining of the uterus and the openings of the fallopian tubes. Surgical instruments are passed through the hysteroscope if any surgical procedures are to be done.
After the Procedure
You will be most likely be allowed to go home the same day. You will have mild vaginal bleeding for a few days after the procedure which is not a cause for concern unless it is heavy and you also may experience mild cramps.
Complications of Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is generally safe. In rare cases, an injury may occur to the uterus or cervix during the procedure and may result in heavy bleeding. Infections or reactions to the anesthesia are some of the adverse effects observed in some individuals. Perforation (puncture) of the uterus is a rare complication of hysteroscopy.
You should seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the below conditions:
- Heavy vaginal bleeding
- Severe abdominal pain
- Pessary Fitting
- Uterine Septoplasty
- Office Hysteroscopy
- Cervical Biopsy
- Endometrial Ablation
- Endometrial Biopsy
- Excision of endometriosis
- Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
- Intrauterine Device (IUD)
- Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy
- Mona Lisa Touch
- Pre-conception Planning
- Robotic-Assisted Gynecology Surgery
- In-office Ultrasound
- In-office Procedures